Course 6: Rhythmic analysis of languages – main challenges

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Registration period: from March 25 to May 23.


Marisa Cruz (University of Lisbon, Phonetics and Phonology Lab & Baby Lab)
June 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10 (course times specified below)


June 2, from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)
Rhythmic organization of languages: classes or continuum? 

June 3, from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)
The correlates of rhythm: different approaches and metrics. 

June 4, from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)
Hands-on: from the sound file to its annotation for rhythmic analysis,
using Praat (Boersma & Weenink, 2020).   

June 7, from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)      
Hands-on: extracting and processing data for rhythmic analysis,
using Correlatore (Mairano & Romano, 2010).  

June 8, from10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)       
Hands-on: representing rhythmic data. Discussion of the results obtained.
Closing: wrap-up of the course, Q&A. 

June 10, from10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)    
Optional: written exam including theoretical and practical queries.     

13 hours of classes and 2 hours for evaluation. The latter is required only
for those who need course credit.


Software (free licensed) required for the course:

Praat – version 6.1.13:

Correlatore – version 2.3.4:


Bibliography (more specific bibliography will be provided at the end of each class):


Arvaniti, A. (2009). Rhythm, timing and the timing of rhythm. Phonetica 66, 46-63.

Barbosa, P. A. (2002). Explaining cross-linguistic rhythmic variability via a coupled-oscillator model of rhythm production. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2002, Aix-en-Provence, pp. 163-166.

Cruz, M. (2013). Prosodic variation in EP: phrasing, intonation and rhythm in Central-Southern varieties. Unpublished PhD dissertation in Linguistics. University of Lisbon.

Dauer, R. (1983). Stress-timing and syllable-timing reanalyzed. Journal of Phonetics 11, 51‑62.

Dauer, R. (1987). Phonetic and phonological components of language rhythm. Paper
presented at the XIth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 5, pp. 447-450.

Dellwo, V., & Wagner, P. (2003). Relations between language rhythm and speech rate. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Science, Barcelona, pp. 471-474.

Frota, S. & Vigário, M. (2001). On the correlates of rhythmic distinctions: the European/Brazilian Portuguese case. Probus 13, 247-273.

Grabe, E., & Low, E. L. (2002). Durational variability in speech and the rhythm class hypothesis. In C. Gussenhoven & N. Warner (Eds.), Laboratory Phonology 7 (pp. 515-546). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Major, R. C. (1981). Stress-timing in Brazilian Portuguese. Journal of Phonetics 9, 343-351.

Nespor, M. (1990). On the rhythm parameter in phonology. In I. Roca (Ed.), The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition (pp. 157-175). Foris. Dordrecht.

Nespor, M., Shukla, M., & Mehler, J. (2011). Stress-timed vs. syllable timed languages. In M. van Oostendorp, C. J. Ewen, E. Hume & K. Rice (Eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Phonology (pp. 1147-1159). Chichester, Uk: Wiley-Blackwell.

Ramus, F., & Mehler, J. (1999). Language identification with suprasegmental cues: A study
based on speech resynthesis. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 105(1), 512-521.

Ramus, F., Nespor, M., & Mehler, J. (1999). Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signal. Cognition 73(3), 265-292.

Ramus, F. (2002). Acoustic correlates of linguistic rhythm: Perspectives. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2002, Aix-en-Provence, pp. 115-120.

Ramus, F., Dupoux, E., & Mehler, J. (2003). The psychological reality of rhythm classes: Perceptual studies. Paper presented at the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, pp. 337-342.

Turk, A., Nakai, S., & Sugahara, M. (2006). Acoustic segment durations in prosodic research: A practical guide. In S. Sudhoff, D. Lenertova, R. Meyer, S. Pappert, P. Augurzky, I. Mleinek, N. Richter & J. Schliesser (Eds.), Methods in Empirical Prosody Research (pp. 1-28). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

White, L., Mattys, S. L., Series, L., & Gage, S. (2007). Rhythm metrics predict rhythmic discrimination. In J. Trouvain & W. J. Barry (Eds.), Proceedings of the international congress of the phonetic sciences, pp. 1009–1012.

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