Course 2: Prosody & Rhythm – applications to teaching rhythm

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Registration period: from January 28 to February 28. 

If you want to receive academic credits issued by UNICAMP, please contact the Linguistics Postgraduate Program (CGP/IEL/UNICAMP) via in order to enroll for the course. You will be asked to fill out a form and send it back. Notice that if you are not a student enrolled at UNICAMP, you will be required to register as a non-degree student.

Course codes and deadlines for registration at CGP/IEL/UNICAMP

Course 2 - Prosody & Rhythm: Applications to teaching rhythm
Course code:  LL951/A
Course period: March, 16, 19, 23, and 26
UNICAMP enrollment deadline: March 5


Donna Erickson (Haskins Laboratories – New Haven CT, USA)
March 16, 19, 23, and 26.
From 2:00 to 5:10 p.m. (GMT-3/Brasília)

Enrollment limit: 50 participants  

Some questions addressed in this course are “What is prosody?”, “What is rhythm?”, 
“How does rhythm vary across languages?”, “How can rhythm be taught to a second language learner?”.
We will discuss various theories and applications, with a strong focus on articulation of rhythm,
what is articulatory rhythm? how do languages vary in terms of rhythm articulation,
and possible kinesthetic approaches to teaching rhythm.

Students will be expected to attend each class, read the suggested papers, give reports in class,
and write a final short report.

The topic of the final report will be (a) what is the rhythmical pattern of your native language?
Or (b) how does your rhythmical pattern of your L2 English “match” or differ from L1 English, or
(c) what might be your approach to teaching rhythm of your first language to a second language learner?


Session 1. Introduction to Prosody & Rhythm

We will discuss prosody and rhythm in terms of acoustics, articulation and
assorted theoretical/phonological approaches to understanding prosodic/rhythmic
organization of speech. We will also discuss methods for collecting articulatory data,
including X-ray Microbeam, EMA (electromagnetic Articulatography), Video, 

Ultrasound, and a new method, involving a MARRYS helmet

Session 2. Articulation of Rhythm in English. Articulation of various degrees of utterance prominence

We will discuss previous articulatory studies reporting strong correlations
between amount of jaw displacement and perceived prominence. 
We will look at Rapid Prosodic Transcription, a method for estimating
how listeners perceive levels of prominence, and how these perceptions
correlate with amount of jaw displacement. 

Session 3. Articulation of Rhythm in other languages

We will discuss articulatory rhythm patterns found in other languages,
such as Japanese, French, and Mandarin Chinese. Students who have chosen
to write their final report on topic (a) or (b) will be asked to give
a brief summary of their report.

Session 4. Teaching rhythm to second language learners

We will discuss some methods for teaching rhythm to second language learners,
focusing on articulatory approaches. Students who have chosen to write
their final report on topic (c) will be asked to give a brief summary of their report.


Suggested Readings

Cole, J., Hualde, J.,  Smith, C. L., Eager, C.  Mahrt, T. de Souza, R.N., 2019. Sound, structure and meaning: The bases of prominence ratings in English, French and Spanish, Journal of Phonetics, vol. 75, pp. 113–147.

Daegling, D. J. 2012. The Human Mandible and the Origins of Speech. J. of Anthropology. article ID 201502, 14 pages, doi: 10.1155/2012/201502

Erickson, D. 2013. Speech rhythm in English and applications to second language teaching. Acoustical Science and Technology, 34.3, 153-158.

Erickson, D. 1998. Jaw movement and rhythm in English Dialogues. Technical Report, Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, pp. 49-56.

Erickson, D., Huang, T., and Menezes, C. 2020. Temporal organization of spoken utterances from an articulatory point of view, Speech Prosody 2020.

Erickson, D., Suemitsu, A., Shibuya, Y., and Tiede, M. 2012. Metrical structure and production of English rhythm. Phonetica.69, 180–190.

Erickson, D. and Kawahara, S. 2016. Articulatory correlates of metrical structure: Studying jaw displacement patterns. Linguistic Vanguard 2, pp.102-110. De Gruyter Mouton. DOI 10.1515/lingvan-2015-0025.

Goldman, J-P, Avanzi, M. Auchlin, A. Simon, A. C. 2012. A Continuous Prominence Score Based on Acoustic Features, Interspeech 2012

He, Lei. 2018. Development of speech rhythm in first language: The role of syllable intensity variability The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 143, EL463 ; doi: 10.1121/1.5042083

Huang, T. and Erickson, D. 2019.Articulation of English ‘prominence’ by L1 (English) and L2 (French) speakers, In Canberra, Australia, S. Calhoun, P. Escudero, M. Tabain, and P. Warren (eds.), Proc. of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 2019: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc.

Kochanski, G., Grabe, E.,  Coleman, J.  and Rosner, B.  2005.Loudness predicts prominence: fundamental frequency lends little, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 118.2, pp. 1038–1054, doi:10.1121/1.1923349, 2005.

Liberman, M.  & Prince, A. 1977. On Stress & Linguistic rhythm. Linguistic Inquiry vol. 8, pp. 249–336.

Tilsen, S. and Arvaniti, A. 2013. Speech rhythm analysis with decomposition of the amplitude envelope: Characterizing rhythmic patterns within and across languages.The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134, 628; doi: 10.1121/1.4807565

Martin, J. G. 1970. Rhythm-induced judgments of word stress in sentences. J. of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 9, 627-633.

Williams, J.C., Erickson, D., Ozaki, Y.,  Suemitsu, A.  Minematsu, N., Fujimura, O. 2013.Neutralizing differences in jaw displacement for English vowels. Proceedings of International congress of Acoustics, POMA 19, 060268

Wilson, I., Erickson, D., T. Vance, T., and Moore, J. 2020. Jaw dancing American style: A way to teach English rhythm, Speech Prosody, 2020.

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